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12th of November - Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History

Uwek

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1280px-Thomas-Whitcombe-Battle-of-Camperdown.jpg
1801 - The Second Battle of Algeciras (also known as the Battle of the Gut of Gibraltar)
The Battle of Camperdown, 11 October 1797 by Thomas Whitcombe, painted 1798, showing the British flagship Venerable (flying the Blue Ensign from her stern) engaged with the Dutch flagship Vrijheid.

Cook'sThirdVoyage58.png
1776 - Third voyage of James Cook begins
The route of Cook's third voyage shown in red, blue shows route after his death.

Dahlgren_Pawnee_H63362t.jpg
1870 - Death of John A. Dahlgren
Rear Admiral Dahlgren, on board the USS Pawnee, beside a 50-pounder Dahlgren rifle (one of his bottle-shaped cast-iron cannons), c. 1864.

tumblr_on5c0vGS5D1s7e5k5o1_1280.jpg
1918 - The Imperial Japanese Navy battleship Kawachi blows up at Shunan, western Honshu, Japan, killing at least 621.
imperial Japanese Navy Battleship Kawachi under construction in Yokosuka Navy Yard, 20th of October 1911.
 

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1761 - Action of 17 July 1761
1280px-Ship_of_74-gun_model_1760.jpg
Scale: 1:48. A contemporary full hull model of a 74-gun two-decker ship of the line (circa 1760), built with a 'bread and butter' core, planked and finished in the Georgian style. Model is partially decked, fully equipped, rigged and mounted on its original baseboard. At this scale the model depicts a ship with a gun deck length of 166 feet by 47 feet in the beam and a tonnage of 1600 burden. A noticeable feature is the raised position of the channels that support the shrouds above the upper gun deck. The rigging is modern and was fitted in 1976. There is a possibility that the model may depict 'Thunderer', or a similar ship, 'Hercules'. During the 18th century, attempts were made to find the optimum size for a ship of the time to carry the maximum armament on two decks. By 1757, the 74-gun ship of about 1600 tons burden was evolved and this, with minor modifications, was to become the standard medium sized fighting ship for the next 50 years.
Read more at http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/66271.html#CmlOBLdack7oWlfs.99

1788 - Battle of Hogland
Slaget_vid_Hogland.jpg
Duke Charles (Later king Charles XIII) at the Battle of Hogland on 17 July 1788. Painting by Per Krafft ca 1810.

1795 - HMS Ville de Paris launched
ville de Paris.jpg
Scale: 1:48. Plan showing the body plan, sheer lines, and longitudinal half-breadth for Ville de Paris (1795), a 100-gun Third Rate, three-decker, as proposed to be built at Chatham Dockyard. Signed by John Henslow [Surveyor of the Navy, 1784-1806].
Read more at http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/83724.html#oxPsfOhj5KHvBlXf.99
 

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1545 - Battle of the Solent with sinking of carrack Mary Rose
AnthonyRoll-2_Mary_Rose.jpg
The Mary Rose as depicted in the Anthony Roll. The distinct carrack profile with high "castles" fore and aft can clearly be seen. Although the number of guns and gun ports is not entirely accurate, the picture is overall an accurate illustration of the ship.

1792 - Continental Navy Capt. John Paul Jones dies in Paris, France.
800px-John_Paul_Jones_by_Charles_Wilson_Peale,_c1781.jpg

1943 - German submarine (U 134) shoots down blimp (K 74), the first and only U.S. airship lost during WW II, in the Fla. straits.
1280px-K_class_blimp.jpg
U.S. Navy K-class blimp over a convoy during the Second World War.
 

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1717 - The naval Battle of Matapan
Leon Trionfante 1716.jpg
Leon Trionfante 80 guns

1790 - The naval Battle of Kerch Strait
бой.jpg

1940 - The Battle of Cape Spada
Bartolomeo_Colleoni_under_attack.JPG
Italian cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni under attack from HMAS Sydney and destroyer flotilla
 

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1791 - launch of french 118 gun ship Orient
1024px-MuseeMarine-Ocean-p1000426.jpg

1765 - launch of 74 gun ship HMS Monarch
Nelson_Forcing_the_Passage_of_the_Sound,_30_March_1801,_prior_to_the_Battle_of_Copenhagen.jpg
HMS Monarch in the lead, forcing the Passage of the Sound, 30 March 1801, prior to the Battle of Copenhagen

1801 - HMS Iphigenia (1780) (32) burnt by accident at Alexandria
large (2).jpg
 
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1545 - The French invasion of the Isle of Wight occurred during the Italian Wars in July 1545. The invasion was repulsed.
The_French_fleet_attacks_Bembridge.jpg
A French fleet attacks Bembridge in 1545.

1781 - The Action of 21 July 1781
Combat_naval_de_Louisbourg_1781.jpg
Naval battle off Cape Breton (Combat Naval A La Hauteur De Louisbourg) by Auguste-Louis de Rossel de Cercy

1850 - The first screw-driven gunboat Von der Tann engaged with ships Heckla and Valkyren
1280px-Von_der_Tann.jpg
Model of Von der Tann
 
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1797 - The Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Sir_Horatio_Nelson_when_wounded_at_Teneriffe.jpg
Sir Horatio Nelson when wounded at Teneriffeby Richard Westall. Oil on canvas.

1805 - The Battle of Cape Finisterre
Battle_of_Cape_Finisterre.jpg
'Admiral Sir Robert Calder's action off Cape Finisterre, 22 July 1805'. Vice-Admiral Calder’s squadron intercepted the Franco-Spanish fleet under Admiral Villeneuve off north-western Spain, as it returned from its diversionary voyage to the West Indies just before Trafalgar. At a time when Britain had become used to Nelsonic victories, Calder’s failure to engage it decisively led to his formal censure and he was never given another command. This shows the day after the action, 24 July. British frigates have Calder’s two prizes, the Firme and the San Raphael, under tow on the right and the damaged Windsor Castle, too, on the left. Calder’s fleet is in formation in the centre and the departing enemy in the distance

1905 - USS Bennington (Gunboat #4) is wrecked by a boiler explosion at San Diego, Calif. One officer and 65 enlisted men die in the explosion, along with numerous crew injuries.
USS-Bennington-1890.jpg

1929 - SS Bremen captured Blue Riband
Bundesarchiv_Bild_102-11081,_Schnelldamper__Bremen_.jpg
 
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1759 - Keel of HMS Victory (100) laid down at Chatham Dockyard
large (7).jpg
Scale: 1:180. A skeleton model of the ‘Victory’ (1765), a 100-gun, three-decker ship of the line. The model is depicted on the slipway under construction. Although the model has not been positively identified, the dimensions agree with those of the ‘Victory’. See also SLR0514, SLR0516 and SLR0520.

large (6).jpg
Scale: 1:48. Plan showing the body plan with sternboard decoration, sheer lines with inboard detail, decoration and figurehead, and longitudinal half-breadth for Victory (1765), a 100-gun First Rate, three-decker. Even though the plan is dated 1830, the plan illustrates the vessel prior to her 1800-3 'Large Repair' at Chatham Dockyard. The plan commemorates the death of Vice-Admiral Lord Nelson despite the plan representing the ship prior to when she was his flagship in 1803. There are also differences in gunport layouts when compared to the plan signed by Thomas Slade in 1759.

1804 - Launch of HMS Swiftsure
swift.jpg
Scale: 1:48. Plan showing the body plan, sheer lines, and longitudinal half-breadth proposed (and approved) for 'Swiftsure' (1804) and 'Victorious' (1808), both 74-gun Third Rate, two-deckers, both to be built at Bucklers Hard by Messrs B & E Adams. The plan also shows alterations to the rudder on 'Swiftsure', while she was at Portsmouth Dockyard in 1815-6. The alterations were suggested by the ship's Captain - Captain William Henry Webly/Webley, appointed 20 September 1814 [Captain seniority: 29 April 1802]. Signed by John Henslow [Surveyor of the Navy, 1784-1806] and William Rule [Surveyor of the Navy, 1793-1813]. NMM, Progress Book, volume 6, folio 130 states that 'Swiftsure' (1804) was at Portsmouth Dockyard between 18 August 1815 and September 1816.

1810 - Battle of Silda
Mølsted_Engelsk_brig_angribes_af_dansk-norske_kanonbåde_1896.jpg
English Brig Attacked by Danish-Norwegian gunboat
 
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1684 - Robert de La Salle left La Rochelle with four ships (one is La Belle) to establish a French colony on theGulf of Mexico, at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
IMG_0064.jpg
La Belle

1915 - SS Eastland disaster in harbour of Chicago, 844 people died
Eastland_Postcard_-_View_of_Eastland_taken_from_Fire_Tug_in_river.png
 
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1666 - The naval St James' Day Battle (also known as the St James' Day Fight), the Battle of the North Foreland and the Battle of Orfordness)
Morgan-Drawing.jpg
The so called Morgan-drawing by Willem van de Velde the Younger of the Sovereign of the Seas (1637)

1611 - launch of english ship Prince Royal - the first Three-decker
large (1).jpg
Scale: 1:48. A full hull model of the 55-gun three-decker ‘Prince Royal’ (circa 1610), built plank on frame in the Navy Board style.

1609 - The English ship Sea Venture, en route to Virginia, is deliberately driven ashore during a storm at Bermuda to prevent its sinking; the survivors go on to found a new colony there
shipwreck-save-jamestown-art.jpg

1956 - Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria collides with the MS Stockholm in heavy fog and sinks the next day, killing 51.
andrea-doria-sinking-8.jpg
 
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1789 - The naval Battle of Öland
785px-Swedish_and_Russian_navies_during_a_battle_in_July_1789,_Öland,_Sweden_(8737204991).jpg
The forefront of the Swedish navy chasing the Russian navy on the 27th and 28th of July

1806 - The Action of 26 July 1806
large (1).jpg
Scale 1:32. Amazon-class. Built at this slightly larger and unusual scale, the model is a fine example of the Georgian style of modelling, with a fully planked hull and partially planked decks.

1817 - Launch of Leda-Class Frigate HMS Arethusa

large.jpg
Scale: 1:48. Plan showing the body plan, sheer lines, and longitudinal half-breadth for 'Leda' (1800), and later with alterations for 'Pomone' (1805), 'Shannon' (1806), 'Leonidas' (1807), 'Surprise' (1812), 'Lacedemonian' (1812), 'Tenedos' (1812), 'Lively' (1804), 'Trinocomalee' (1817), 'Amphitrite' (1816), 'Hebe' (1826), and 'Venus' (1820), all 38-gun Fifth Rate, Frigates.

1820 - Launch of HMS Trafalgar
HMS Trafalgar 1820.jpeg
 

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1778 - The Battle of Ushant (also called First Battle of Ushant,)
1280px-Combat_d'Ouessant_juillet_1778_par_Theodore_Gudin.jpg

1808 - HMS Pickle schooner wrecked on the Chipiona shoal at the entrance to Cadiz as she was entering carrying dispatches. .
large (1).jpg
Scale: 1:48. A full hull and rigged exhibition style model of HM Schooner ‘Pickle’ (circa 1800).

1862 - American passenger steamer Golden Gate caught fire off the coast of Mexico in 1862 on a voyage from San Francisco to Panama, 204 people died
large (4).jpg
A tinted line engraving of the New York-built merchant steamship Golden Gate
 

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1566 - The disaster at Visby - most of danish fleet distroyed in heavy strom
olands-norra-startbild-0K7Hij2qbyf9WGmO0boSIg.jpg
The Danes lost the following ships: Samson (flagship), Hannibal (2nd flagship), Merkurius, Akilles, Engelen, Floris, Solen, Køgehøgen, Papegøjen, Gribben, Engelske Fortunand Hertug Adolfs Pinke. The Lübeck fleet lost the Morian (flagship), Josva and Meerweib.

1806 - HMS Mars (74), Cptn. Robert Dudley Oliver, captured Rhin (44), Capt. Chesneau, in the Bay of Biscay
large.jpg
Scale: 1:48. A block model of the ‘Mars’ (1794), a 74-gun, two-decker ship of the line. The model differs somewhat in style from the usual block design models, in that it is both decked and equiped, pierced for gunports and has detail upperworks and rigging.

1854 – USS Constellation (1854), the last all-sail warship built by the United States Navy, is commissioned
800px-USS_Constellation_Inner_Harbor.JPG
Constellation at Baltimore's Inner Harbor
 
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1710 - HMS Kent (70) captured Superbe (64)
HMS Superb was a 64-gun third-rate ship of the line of the British Royal Navy. She had previously been Le Superbe, a 56-gun warship of the French Navy, until her capture off Lizard Point by HMS Kent in July 1710. Commissioned into the Royal Navy in September 1710, HMS Superb served throughout Queen Anne's War and the War of the Quadruple Alliance, during which she participated in the destruction of the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Cape Passaro in 1718. She was broken up in 1732.

1280px-Achille_mp3h9307.jpg

1967 - USS Forrestal fire
a fire broke out on board the aircraft carrier USS Forrestal. An electrical anomaly had caused the discharge of a Zuni rocket on the flight deck, triggering a chain-reaction of explosions that killed 134 sailors and injured 161. At the time, Forrestal was engaged in combat operations in the Gulf of Tonkin, during the Vietnam War. The ship survived, but with damage exceeding US$72 million, not including the damage to aircraft. Future United States Senator John McCain and future four-star admiral and U.S. Pacific Fleet Commander Ronald J. Zlatoper were among the survivors.


 

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1711 - The Quebec Expedition, or the Walker Expedition to Quebec started and was ending with a disaster
large (2).jpg
HMS Swiftshure 1673 - This is a ship portrait viewed from before the port beam. The ship is flying a Union flag at a staff on her forecastle as at a launching. Her mainmast, however, to the height of the fourth woulding, has been drawn in. The ‘Swiftsure’ was launched at Harwich on 8 April 1673. This is a faint offset based on an accurate original worked up with a little pencil on the figurehead and a crude wash along the side. It has also been strengthened in some places by pen-work.

1768 - Launch of HMS Barfleur
Whitcombe,_Battle_of_the_Saints.jpg
The Battle of the Saintes, 12 April 1782: surrender of the Ville de Paris by Thomas Whitcombe, painted 1783, shows Hood's Barfleur, centre, attacking the French flagship Ville de Paris, right, at the Battle of the Saintes.

1803 - HMS Calypso (16-gun), run down in a violent hurricane by a heavily laden West Indiaman
Calypso.jpg
Scale: 1:48. Plan showing the body plan, sheer lines with gallery decoration and figurehead for Echo (1782) and Calypso (1783), and later for Rattler (1783), Brisk (1784), Nautilus (1784), and Scorpion (1785), all 16-gun Ship Sloops with quarterdecks and forecastles. Signed by Edward Hunt [Surveyor of the Navy, 1778-1784]
Read more at http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/83626.html#ObgW7mxPLWiZCU1k.99

1945 - USS Indianapolis sunk after japanese torpedoes
1280px-USS_Indianapolis_(CA-35)_off_the_Mare_Island_Naval_Shipyard_on_10_July_1945_(19-N-86911).jpg
Indianapolis off Mare Island, on 10 July 1945.

 

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1653 - The Battle of Scheveningen (also known as the Battle of Texel or the Battle of Ter Heijde)
1920px-Battle_of_Scheveningen_(Slag_bij_Ter_Heijde)(Jan_Abrahamsz._Beerstraten).jpg
Battle of Scheveningen

brederoo.jpg
Brederode on the left half with damages after action, all sketches by van de Veldes

1653 - Death of Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp (23 April 1598 – 10 August 1653)

1782 - parallel Launch of two french Minerve-class frigates, the Minerve and also the Junon both in Toulon
large (1).jpg
Scale: 1:48. Plan showing the body plans with stern board outline and some detail, sheer lines with inboard details and figurehead, and longitudinal half-breadth for Princess Charlotte (captured 1799), a captured French Frigate, after being fitted for a 38-gun Fifth Rate, Frigate. The plan includes an annotation dated October 1817 relating to the ship (renamed Andromache in 1812) when she was fitted for service in Brazil under the command of Captain Shirriff [William Henry Shirreff, seniority: 15 November 1809]. The quarterdeck coamings were ordered to be raised and fitted with glass sashes as the ship was being ordered to 'a warm climate'.

1948 – USS Nevada is sunk by an aerial torpedo after surviving hits from two atomic bombs (as part of post-war tests) and being used for target practice by three other ships
USS_Nevada_(BB-36)_during_WWI.jpg
 
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