17th of November - Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
10th of November

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1716 - HMS Auguste (1705 - 60), Cptn. Robert Johnson, ran ashore on the island of Anholt during heavy weather.
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1721 - HMS Royal Anne Galley (1709 - 42), Cptn. Francis Willis, wrecked during a gale off Lizard Point, Cornwall
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1764 - Launch of HMS Russell, a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, at Deptford
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1777 - HMS Siren (or Syren) (1773 - 28) ran aground at Rhode Island
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1808 - HMS Amethyst (36), Cptn. Michael Seymour, captured French frigate Thetis (44), Cptn. Pinsun (Killed in Action).
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1847 – The passenger ship Stephen Whitney is wrecked in thick fog off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster results in the construction of the Fastnet Rock lighthouse.

1944 – The ammunition ship USS Mount Hood explodes at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands, killing at least 432 and wounding 371.
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1975 – The 729-foot-long freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew on board
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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
11 th of November

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in the following some of the events in Pre-View....

1620 – The Mayflower Compact is signed in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod.
The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was written by the male passengers of the Mayflower, consisting of separatist Puritans, adventurers, and tradesmen. The Puritans were fleeing from religious persecution by King James of England.
The Mayflower Compact was signed aboard ship on November 11, 1620. They used the Julian Calendar, also known as Old Style dates, which was ten days behind the Gregorian Calendar. Signing the covenant were 41 of the ship's 101 passengers while the Mayflower was anchored in Provincetown Harbor within the hook at the northern tip of Cape Cod.
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1779 - HMS Tartar (28) took Spanish frigate Santa Marqarita (28) off Cape Finisterre
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1806 – Launch of French Flore at Rochefort
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1811 - HMS Skylark (16), James Boxer, and HMS Locust (16), Lt. John Gedge, engaged 12 gunbrigs of the Boulogne flotilla. They cut out gunboat No. 26 (4), Enseigne Bouchet, and drove the flotilla commodore ashore in the Calais Roads.
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1918 – World War I: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car in the forest of Compiègne
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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
12.th of November

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1797 - HMS Cerberus (1794 - 32), Cptn. J. Drew, captured French ship-privateer Epervier (1788 - 16) and French privateer Renard (1797 - 18) and recaptured Adelphi, prize to Epervier
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1810 - Start of engagement by HMS Diana (38), HMS Niobe (38), HMS Donegal (80), and HMS Revenge (74) engaged 2 French frigates Elisa and Amazone which went ashore at La Hogue and Tatillon.
The Action of 15 November 1810 was a minor naval engagement fought during the British Royal Navy blockade of the French Channel ports in the Napoleonic Wars. British dominance at sea, enforced by a strategy of close blockade, made it difficult for the French Navy to operate even in their own territorial waters. In the autumn of 1810, a British squadron assigned to patrol the Baie de la Seine was effectively isolating two French squadrons in the ports of Le Havre and Cherbourg. On 12 November, the squadron in Le Havre, consisting of frigates Elisa and Amazone attempted to reach Cherbourg at night in order to united the squadrons. This squadron was spotted in the early hours of 13 November by the patrolling British frigates HMS Diana and HMS Niobe, which gave chase.
The French ships took shelter at the heavily fortified Iles Saint-Marcouf, sailing the following morning for the anchorage at Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue. For two days the British frigates kept watch, until two ships of the line from the blockade of Cherbourg, HMS Donegal and HMS Revenge, arrived. On 15 November, the British squadron attacked the anchored French ships, which were defended by shore batteries at La Hougue and Tatihou. After four attempts to close with the French the British squadron, under heavy fire, withdrew. During the night, the British commander, Captain Pulteney Malcolm, sent his ship's boats close inshore to attack the French ships with Congreve rockets, a newly issued weapon. None are recorded as landing on target, but by morning both frigates had been forced to change position, becoming grounded on the shore. The French ships were later refloated, and Malcolm's squadron maintained the blockade until 27 November when Amazone successfully escaped back to Le Havre. The damaged Elisa remained at anchor until 6 December, when an attack by a British bomb vessel forced the frigate to move further inshore, becoming grounded once more. Elisa remained in this position until 23 December, when the boats of Diana entered the anchorage at night and set the beached ship on fire, destroying her.

1893 – Launch of Tri Sviatitelia (Russian: Три Святителя meaning the Three Holy Hierarchs), a pre-dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial Russian Navy
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1928 – SS Vestris sinks approximately 200 miles (320 km) off Hampton Roads, Virginia, killing at least 110 passengers, mostly women and children who die after the vessel is abandoned.
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1940 - Battle of Taranto
The Battle of Taranto took place on the night of 11–12 November 1940 during the Second World War between British naval forces, under Admiral Andrew Cunningham, and Italian naval forces, under Admiral Inigo Campioni. The Royal Navy launched the first all-aircraft ship-to-ship naval attack in history, employing 21 obsolete Fairey Swordfish biplane torpedo bombers from the aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious in the Mediterranean Sea. The attack struck the battle fleet of the Regia Marina at anchor in the harbour of Taranto, using aerial torpedoes despite the shallowness of the water. The success of this attack augured the ascendancy of naval aviation over the big guns of battleships. According to Admiral Cunningham, "Taranto, and the night of 11–12 November 1940, should be remembered for ever as having shown once and for all that in the Fleet Air Arm the Navy has its most devastating weapon."
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1942 – World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal between Japanese and American forces near Guadalcanal - Day 1
The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, sometimes referred to as the Third and Fourth Battles of Savo Island, the Battle of the Solomons, the Battle of Friday the 13th, or, in Japanese sources, the Third Battle of the Solomon Sea (第三次ソロモン海戦 Dai-san-ji Soromon Kaisen), took place from 12–15 November 1942, and was the decisive engagement in a series of naval battles between Allied (primarily American) and Imperial Japanese forces during the months-long Guadalcanal Campaign in the Solomon Islands during World War II. The action consisted of combined air and sea engagements over four days, most near Guadalcanal and all related to a Japanese effort to reinforce land forces on the island. The only two U.S. Navy admirals to be killed in a surface engagement in the war were lost in this battle.
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1944 – World War II: Operation Catechism - The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers, which sink the German battleship Tirpitz, with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs off Tromsø, Norway.
Operation Catechism was the last of nine attempts to sink or sabotage the Kriegsmarine battleship Tirpitz during the Second World War. The ship was finally sunk in this attempt.
Tromsö,_Royal_Air_Force_Bomber_Command,_1942-1945_CL2830.jpg
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
13.th of November

please use the following link and you will find the details and all events of this day .....


in the following some events in Pre-View - for more details and events please use the link

1769 – Launch of HMS Royal Oak, a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal-Oak-class, at Plymouth.
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1800 - HMS Milbrook (1798 - 18), Lt. Matthew Smith, captured French privateer Bellone (36) whilst escorting a convoy off Oporto. She afterwards escaped using sweeps when Milbrook could not take possession due to damage sustained.
HMS Milbrook
(or Millbrook) was one of six vessels built to an experimental design by Sir Samuel Bentham. After the Royal Navy took her into service in her decade-long career she took part in one notable single-ship action and captured several privateers and other vessels, all off the coast of Spain and Portugal. She was wrecked on the Portuguese coast in 1808.
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1809 – Birth of John A. Dahlgren, American admiral (d. 1870)
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1901 – The 1901 Caister lifeboat disaster.
The Caister lifeboat disaster of 13 November 1901 occurred off the coast of Caister-on-Sea, Norfolk, England. It took place during what became known as the "Great Storm", which caused havoc down the east coasts of England and Scotland.
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1941 – World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is torpedoed by U-81, sinking the following day.
HMS Ark Royal
(pennant number 91) was an aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy that served during the Second World War.
Designed in 1934 to fit the restrictions of the Washington Naval Treaty, Ark Royal was built by Cammell Laird and Company Ltd. at Birkenhead, England, and completed in November 1938. Her design differed from previous aircraft carriers. Ark Royalwas the first ship on which the hangars and flight deck were an integral part of the hull, instead of an add-on or part of the superstructure. Designed to carry a large number of aircraft, she had two hangar deck levels. She served during a period that first saw the extensive use of naval air power; several carrier tactics were developed and refined aboard Ark Royal.
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1942 - All five Sullivan brothers are lost when the USS Juneau (CL 52) is destroyed during the naval Battle of Guadalcanal.
The five Sullivan brothers were World War II sailors who, serving together on the light cruiser USS Juneau, were all killed in action on its sinking around November 13, 1942.
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Uwek

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
14 th of November

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Some of the events in Pre-View -> for more details and events please use the link

1691 - The 44-gun third rate HMS Happy Return (1654 - 44 - ex-Winsby) was captured by french
The Winsby was a 44-gun fourth-rate frigate of the English Royal Navy, originally built for the navy of the Commonwealth of England at Yarmouth, and launched in February 1654. the Winsby was named for the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Winceby.
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1693 – Launch of French Foudroyant, 104 guns (designed and built by Blaise Pangalo) at Brest
The Foudroyant was a First Rank ship of the line of the French Royal Navy.
This ship was originally ordered built at Brest Dockyard on 20 January 1693, and Louis XIV ordered she should bear the name Soleil Royal to replace the previous ship bearing that name (destroyed at Cherbourg) in June 1692. The designer and builder was Blaise Pangalo.
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A very interesting monographie from ancre showing in detail the Saint-Philippe -1693, a ship of the same time and size, designed and built in 1693 by Francois Coulomb at Toulon you can find here:
https://ancre.fr/en/monograph/93-le-saint-philippe-1693.html

1803 - Boats of HMS Blenheim (1761 - 90), Cptn. Thomas Graves, HMS Drake, Cptn. William Ferris, and HMS Swift hired cutter (12), Lt. Edward Hawker, stormed a fort, spiking the guns and blowing up the magazine, and captured French privateer L'Harmonie (8) at Marin St. Ann's Bay, Martinique.
HMS Blenheim
(1761) was a 90-gun second rate launched in 1761, reduced to a third rate in 1800 and wrecked in 1807.
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1824 – Launch of French Trocadéro, 118-guns Océan-class ships of the line at Toulon
The Trocadéro was a first-rate 118-gun ship of the line of the French Navy, of the Océan type, designed by Jacques-Noël Sané.
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A ship of the first group built from the Ocean-class was the Le Commerce de Marseille
A detailed planset was prepared by our SOS-member @G. DELACROIX
http://gerard.delacroix.pagesperso-orange.fr/118/plaquette-e.htm

1851 – Moby-Dick, a novel by Herman Melville, is published in the USA.
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1854 – HMS Prince wrecked
HMS Prince
was a Royal Navy storeship purchased in 1854 from mercantile owners and lost in a storm off Balaklava in November that year during the Crimean War.
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1908 - Falls of Halladale, a four-masted iron-hulled barque, wrecked
The Falls of Halladale was a four-masted iron-hulled barque that was built in 1886 for the long-distance bulk carrier trade. Her dimensions were 83.87m x 12.64m x 7.23m and she displaced 2,085 GRT and 2,026 NRT. Built for the Falls Line (Wright, Breakenridge & Co., Glasgow, Scotland) at the shipyard of Russell & Co., Greenock on the River Clyde, she was named after a waterfall on the Halladale River in the Caithness district of Scotland. The ship's design was advanced for her time, incorporating features that improved crew safety and efficiency such as elevated bridges to allow the crew to move between forward and aft in relative safety during heavy seas.
Falls_of_Halladale_(ship,_1886)_-_SLV_H91.108-2754.jpg
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
15th of November

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1803 – Launch of French Hermione, (one-off design by Antoine Geoffroy) at Lorient, renamed Ville de Milan 1804 – captured by Britain in 1805 and renamed HMS Milan.
HMS Milan
was a 38-gun fifth rate frigate of the Royal Navy. She had previously been the Ville de Milan, a 40-gun frigate of the French Navy, but served for only a year before being chased down and engaged by the smaller 32-gun frigate HMS Cleopatra. Ville de Milan defeated and captured her opponent, but suffered so much damage that she was forced to surrender without a fight several days later when both ships encountered HMS Leander, a British fourth rate. Milan went on to serve with the Royal Navy for another ten years, before being broken up in 1815, after the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars.
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1811 – Launch of HMS Union, a 98-gun second rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy,
HMS Union
was a 98-gun second rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 16 November 1811 at Plymouth.
She was broken up in 1833
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1822 – Launch of HMS Herald, an Atholl-class 28-gun sixth-rate corvette of the Royal Navy.
HMS Herald
was an Atholl-class 28-gun sixth-rate corvette of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1821 as HMS Termagant, commissioned in 1824 as Herald and converted to a survey ship in 1845. After serving as a chapel ship from 1861, she was sold for breaking in 1862.
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1868 - Kaiyō Maru (開陽丸), one of Japan's first modern warships, wrecked
Kaiyō Maru (開陽丸) was one of Japan's first modern warships, a frigate powered by both sails and steam. She was built in the Netherlands, and served in the Boshin War as part of the navy of the Tokugawa shogunate, and later as part of the navy of the Republic of Ezo. She was wrecked on 15 November 1868, off Esashi, Hokkaido, Japan.
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1928 – The RNLI lifeboat Mary Stanford capsized in Rye Harbour with the loss of the entire 17-man crew.
RNLB Mary Stanford (ON 661)
was a Liverpool-class lifeboat which capsized in Rye Harbour in 1928.
The disaster was the worst for many years. It occurred on 15 November 1928 when the whole of the 17-man crew of the Mary Stanford lifeboat were drowned, practically the whole male fishing population of the village of Rye Harbour.
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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
16th of November

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1161 - Battle of Tangdao
The Battle of Tangdao (唐岛之战) was a naval engagement that took place in 1161 between the Jurchen Jin and the Southern Song Dynasty of China on the East China Sea. The conflict was part of the Jin-Song wars, and was fought near Tangdao Island. It was an attempt by the Jin to invade and conquer the Southern Song Dynasty, yet resulted in failure and defeat for the Jurchens. The Jin Dynasty navy was set on fire by firearms and Fire Arrows, suffering heavy losses. For this battle, the commander of the Song Dynasty squadron, Li Bao, faced the opposing commander Zheng Jia, the admiral of the Jin Dynasty
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1758 – Launch of HMS Edgar, a 60-gun Edgar-class fourth rate ship of the line
HMS Edgar
was a 60-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 16 November 1758 at Rotherhithe.
The physician Thomas Denman served on Edgar until 1763.
She was sunk as a breakwater in 1774.
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1776 - The first salute of an American flag (Grand Union Flag) by a foreign power is rendered by the Dutch at St. Eustatius, West Indies in reply to a salute by the Continental ship Andrew Doria.
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1797 - HMS Tribune (1796 - 36), Cptn. Scory Barker, hit shoals and sank whilst entering Halifax Harbour, NS, Canada with the loss of 240 souls.
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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
17th of November

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As usual some of the events in a Pre-View - for more info, details and also more events please use the link

1743 – Launch of French Tonnant, 80-guns at Toulon, design by François Coulomb the Younger
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1800 - Boats of HMS Captain (74), HMS Magicienne (32), HMS Nile (12) and HMS Suwarrow (10) destroyed French corvette Reolaise (20) in Port Navalo
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1804 – Launch of French Achille, a Téméraire-class 74-gun French ship of the line built at Rochefort in 1803 after plans by Jacques-Noël Sané
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1804 – Launch of HMS Hibernia, 110 gun first rate ship of the line
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1874 - Cospatrick, a wooden three-masted full-rigged sailing ship, caught fire south of the Cape of Good Hope. Only three of the 472 persons on board survived the disaster, which is often considered the worst in New Zealand's history.
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1914 - SMS Friedrich Carl was a German armored cruiser mined and sunk
SMS Friedrich Carl
was a German armored cruiser built in the early 1900s for the Imperial German Navy. She was the second ship of the Prinz Adalbert class. Friedrich Carl was built in Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg. She was laid down in 1901, and completed in December 1903, at the cost of 15,665,000 Marks. She was armed with a main battery of four 21 cm (8.3 in) guns and was capable of a top speed of 20.4 kn (37.8 km/h; 23.5 mph).
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1914 – Launch of HMS Royal Oak (08), one of five Revenge-class battleships
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1921 - Japanese aircraft carrier Kaga launched
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