5th of December - Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
22nd of October

1633 – The Ming dynasty defeats the Dutch East India Company.


The Battle of Liaoluo Bay (Chinese: 料羅灣海戰; pinyin: Liàoluó Wān Hǎizhàn) took place in 1633 off the coast of Fujian, China; involving the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and the Chinese Ming dynasty's navies. The battle was fought at the crescent-shaped Liaoluo Bay that forms the southern coast of the island of Kinmen. A Dutch fleet under Admiral Hans Putmans was attempting to control shipping in the Taiwan Strait, while the southern Fujian sea traffic and trade was protected by a fleet under Brigadier General Zheng Zhilong. This was the largest naval encounter between Chinese and European forces before the Opium Wars two hundred years later

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Liaoluo_Bay

1707 – Four British naval vessels run aground on the Isles of Scilly because of faulty navigation. In response, the first Longitude Act is enacted in 1714.

The Longitude Act was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom passed in July 1714 at the end of the reign of Queen Anne. It established the Board of Longitude and offered monetary rewards (Longitude rewards) for anyone who could find a simple and practical method for the precise determination of a ship's longitude. The Act of 1714 was followed by a series of other Longitude Acts that revised or replaced the original


1793 - HMS Agamemnon (64), Cptn. Horatio Nelson, met 5 French frigates and engaged Melpomene (40) before withdrawing.

The Action of 22 October 1793 was a minor naval engagement fought in the Mediterranean Sea during the War of the First Coalition, early in the French Revolutionary Wars. During the engagement a lone British Royal Navy ship of the line, the 64-gun HMS Agamemnon, attacked the French Navy large frigate Melpomène, part of a larger squadron, off the coast of Sardinia. Although Agamemnon chased Melpomène some distance through the night and inflicted significant damage, the French frigate was able to escape following the arrival of the rest of its squadron under Commodore Jean-Baptiste Perrée. The French ships later anchored in Corsican harbours to land reinforcements for the French garrison on the island, where the population was in open revolt.

Agamemnon_engaging_four_French_frigates.jpg

The engagement is notable for being the first action of the war fought by Captain Horatio Nelson, then a junior captain in the Mediterranean Fleet. Nelson would go on to lead naval shore parties in the Invasion of Corsica the following year, during which the entire French squadron was captured or destroyed. He later achieved notable successes in a number of crucial battles during the war and is remembered as one of Britain's greatest military heroes.


1794 - HMS Centurion (50), Cptn. Osborn, and HMS Diomede (44) engaged and driven off from blockading Mauritius by French squadron Prudente (36), Cybèle (40), Jean Bart (20) and Courier (14).

The Battle of Île Ronde was a minor naval engagement between small French Navy and British Royal Navy squadrons off Île de France, now named Mauritius, in the early stages of the French Revolutionary Wars. The battle was fought over control of the waters around Île de France, which was under blockade from the British squadron as French warships and privateers operating from the island posed a significant threat to vital British trade routes connected to British India and China.

1280px-Cybèle_and_Prudente_vs_English_ship_and_frigate_22_dec_1794-Durand_Brager_img_3104.jpg

In an attempt to neutralise the island, the British commander in the region, Peter Rainier ordered the 50-gun HMS Centurion and 44-gun HMS Diomede to institute a blockade, which began in October 1794. Concerned by food shortages and a rebellious slave population the French naval commander Jean-Marie Renaud led his small squadron comprising frigates Cybèle and Prudente and three smaller vessels to drive off the British squadron. On 22 October, the squadrons met off Île Ronde, an islet off northern Île de France.

The battle lasted two and a quarter hours, in which Centurion and Cybèle fought a close duel which left both ships badly damaged. Supported by the remainder of the squadron, Cybèle successfully withdrew under fire, but Centurion, without support from the distant Diomede was also forced to retire for repairs. Unable to continue the blockade the British force returned to India, allowing food supplies to reach Île de France. Due to the necessity for campaigns against Dutch Ceylon and the Dutch East Indies, the British blockade was not renewed, but the French were unable to take advantage due to increasing civil unrest among the island's population.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Centurion_(1774)

1805 - Trafalgar prizes Berwick (74) and Fougueux (74) wrecked or foundered in a storm after the battle.

Berwick
fought at the Battle of Trafalgar, where Achille re-captured her. Berwick sank near Sanlúcar in the tempest the following day after her French prisoners cut her cables. Although Donegal was nearby and quickly sent boats, many of the c.200 persons aboard Berwick lost their lives

Fougueux was driven ashore near Torre Bermeja on the coast of Spain and was wrecked. Only 25 men aboard, British prize crew and French prisoners, survived.

1280px-Achille_mp3h9307.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_ship_Fougueux_(1785)

1813 - HMS Laurestinus (22) wrecked in the West Indies


1846 - Lavinia Fanning Watson of Philadelphia christens the sloop-of-war USS Germantown, the first U.S. Navy ship to be sponsored by a woman.


1862 - The screw frigate USS Wabash provides artillery support for Union infantry troops at the Battle of Pocotaligo, S.C. One of the gun crew, who was seriously injured, was Ordinary Seaman Oscar W. Farenholt, the first enlisted man in the Navy to reach flag rank. The battery from Wabash took part in artillery operations all along the South Atlantic coast.

USS_Wabash_85568.jpg


1942 - The destroyers USS Mahan (DD 364) and USS Lamson (DD 367) sink the Japanese gunboat Hakkaisan Maru southwest of Tamana.

1962 - President John F. Kennedy orders a surface blockade of Cuba to prevent Soviet offensive weapons from reaching Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis. By forcefully employing U.S. naval forces, President John F. Kennedy is able to achieve his strategic objectives and deal with a dangerous and well-armed Soviet Union without war.
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
23rd of October

1707 - Squadron, under Admiral Sir Clowdsley Shovell, HMS Association (90), Cptn. Edmund Loades (1st. captain) and Cptn. Samuel Whitaker, HMS Eagle (70), Cptn. John Leake, HMS Romney (54), Cptn. William Coney, and HMS Firebrand fireship (8), wrecked on the Scilly Islands.


1762 - HMS Brune (32), Cptn. Tobyn, took French frigate Oiseau (26), Chevalier de Mode, off Cartagena.

Brune
was a Blonde class 30-gun frigate of the French Navy. She took part in the naval battles of the Seven Year War, and was captured by the British. Recommissioned in the Royal Navy as the 32-gun HMS Brune, she served until 1792.

Le_HMS_Brune_capturant_l'Oiseau_en_1762b.jpg


1764 – Death of Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1683)


1777 - HMS Augusta (64) and the sloop HMS Merlin, Cdr. Samuel Reeve, took the ground, while attacking American Fort Mifflin, Delaware. Augusta accidentally caught fire and blew up and Merlin was also set on fire and abandoned.

On the evening of 22 October 1777, the Augusta and several other warships had sailed up the Delaware River to a point a short distance below some man-made chevaux de frise obstructions[3] in order to fire at Fort Mercer the following day. As the tide fell, both Augusta and HMS Merlin (16) went aground. Despite attempts during the night by HMS Roebuck (44) to free Augusta from its predicament, the warship remained hard aground. About 9:00 AM on 23 October, a general action started with HMS Pearl (32) and HMS Liverpool (28) joining other vessels in the bombardment. The British ships were engaged by Fort Mifflin and the Pennsylvania Navy, which launched four fire ships. At about 2:00 PM, the Augusta caught fire near its stern, according to an American eyewitness. The fire spread rapidly and soon the entire vessel was wrapped in flames. After about an hour the fire reached the magazine and the ship exploded. The blast smashed windows in Philadelphia and was heard 30 miles (48 km) away in Trappe, Pennsylvania. The loss of the Augusta was attributed to various causes. The British claimed that the blaze was started when wadding from the guns set the rigging on fire or that the crew intentionally set the blaze. Some Americans asserted that Augusta was ignited by a fire ship while others stated that its loss was caused by red-hot shot from Fort Mifflin. John Montresor, the British officer in charge of the Siege of Fort Mifflin, wrote that one lieutenant, the ship's chaplain and 60 of Augusta's ratings were killed while struggling in the water. Soon after, the crew of Merlin abandoned ship and set their ship on fire. It blew up later in the day.

1920px-'Augusta'_(1763)_RMG_J3173.png


1790 - William Bligh court martialled for loss of HMS Bounty.


1804 - HMS Conflict (12), Lt. Charles Cutts Ormsby, lost in engagement off Ostend.

HMS Conflict (1801) was a 12-gun gun-brig launched in 1801 that grounded in 1804, enabling the French to capture her; the French Navy commissioned her in October 1806, renamed her Lynx in September 1814, reverted to Conflict in March 1815, and Lynx again in July 1815. She was struck from the Navy at Rochefort in October 1834 and broken up in November.

1805 - Trafalgar prizes Santisima Trinidad (136), Rayo (100), Bucentaure (80), Neptuno (80), L'Aigle (74), Redoutable (74) and San Francisco de Asis (74) wrecked or foundered in a storm after the battle.

Santísima Trinidad
(officially named Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad by royal order on 12 March 1768, nicknamed La Real, sometimes confused with the galleon Santísima Trinidad y Nuestra Señora del Buen Fin) was a Spanish first-rate ship of the line with 112 guns. This was increased in 1795–96 to 130 guns by closing in the spar deck between the quarterdeck and forecastle, and around 1802 to 140 guns, thus creating what was in effect a continuous fourth gundeck although the extra guns added were actually relatively small. She was the heaviest-armed ship in the world when rebuilt, and bore the most guns of any ship of the line outfitted in the Age of Sail.

CombateDeSanVicenteElNavíoPelayoAcudeEnAuxilioDelNavíoSantísimaTrinidad.jpg

27_Museo_Naval_Madrid_Ni.JPG

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_ship_Nuestra_Señora_de_la_Santísima_Trinidad

1813 - HMS Andromache (38), Capt. G. Tobin, captured French frigate Trave (44)

On 23 October 1813 Andromache captured the French frigate Trave after an engagement of only 15 minutes. Trave, although a new vessel, had lost her masts in a storm and was sailing under jury-rigged masts and so unable to maneuver. She was armed with twenty-eight French 18-pounder long guns sixteen 18-pounder carronades, and had a crew of 321 men, almost all Dutch. Before she struck she had one man killed, and 28 men wounded, including her commander capitaine de frégate Jacob Van Maren. Andromache had little damage and only two men wounded. The Royal Navy took Trave into service as the troopship Trave. At the time of the capture the ketch HMS Gleaner was in sight, though it is not clear what she could have added had the engagement lasted longer.

The French frigate Trave was a Pallas-class frigate of the French Navy, launched at Amsterdam in 1812. After the Royal Navy captured her in 1813 in the North Sea, it took her into service as the troopship HMS Trave. She served in the Potomac and her boats participated in the Battle of Lake Borgne during the War of 1812. She was sold on 7 June 1821.


1862 - CSS Alabama, commanded by Capt. Raphael Semmes, captures and burns the American bark Lafayette south of Halifax, Nova Scotia.

CSS Alabama was a screw sloop-of-war built in 1862 for the Confederate States Navy at Birkenhead on the River Mersey opposite Liverpool, England by John Laird Sons and Company. Alabama served as a successful commerce raider, attacking Union merchant and naval ships over the course of her two-year career, during which she never docked at a Southern port. She was sunk in June 1864 by USS Kearsarge at the Battle of Cherbourg outside the port of Cherbourg, France.

CSSAlabama.jpg


1864 - During the Civil War, the blockade-runner Flamingo, which is run aground off Sullivans Island, S.C., is destroyed by shell fire from Fort Strong and Putnam, Battery Chatfield, and ships of Rear Adm. John A. Dahlgren's South Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

1942 - USS Kingfish (SS 234) sinks Japanese gunboat at the entrance to Kii Suido, Honshu, Japan.

1944 - The Battle of Leyte Gulf, considered the largest naval battle of World War II, begins with the U.S. submarines attacking two elements of the Japanese armada moving towards Leyte. In the Palawan Passage, USS Darter and USS Dace sink heavy cruisers Maya and Atago. Takao is also hit, but survives. Off Manila Bay, USS Bream's torpedoes damage the heavy cruiser Aoba.



1983 - A suicide truck bomb explodes at the Marine Barracks at Beirut Airport and kills 241 Americans (220 Marines, 18 Sailors, and three Army Soldiers).
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
24th of October

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1744 - HMS Colchester (50), Cptn. Frederick Cornwall, wrecked after striking the sands between Long Sand and Kentish Knock on 21 October - The ship was only 2 months in service
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1763 – Launch of HMS Augusta, a 64-gun third rate St Alban class ship of the line
large (3).jpg

1798 – Launch of French Tonnant, 80 gun Tonnant-class ship of the line
Tonnant_LeBreton_PX8975.jpg
"HMS Tonnant" at the Battle of the Nile

1793 - HMS Thames (1758 - 32) engaged Uranie, Cptn. Jean-François Tartu (Killed in Action).
1280px-Uranie_vs_HMS_Thames.png

1944 - The Battle of Leyte Gulf - day 24th October
USS_Princeton_(CVL-23)_burning_on_24_October_1944_(80-G-287970).jpg
the light aircraft carrier Princeton on fire, east of Luzon, on 24 October 1944.

1944 - The Japanese battleship Musashi is sunk by American aircraft in the Battle of Leyte Gulf.
Musashi1944.png
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
25th of October

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1747 - Second battle of Finisterre
The Second Battle of Cape Finisterre was a naval battle which took place on 25 October 1747 (14 October 1747 in the Julian calendar then in use in Britain) during the War of the Austrian Succession. A British fleet of fourteen ships of the line commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Edward Hawke intercepted a French convoy protected by eight French ships of the line commanded by Admiral Desherbiers de l'Etenduère.
The battle took place in the eastern Atlantic, roughly halfway between Ireland and Cape Finisterre in northwest Spain. It was a decisive British victory that has been described as "the most brilliant naval action of the war". It put an end to French naval operations for the remainder of the war, thus eliminating any threat of an invasion of Britain and threatening the very existence of France's empire overseas.
Combat_naval_bataille_cap_finisterre_octobre_1747.jpg

1756 – Launch of French Vengeur 64 at Lorient for the Compagnie des Indies
1280px-Vengeur_mg_7151-black.jpg

1794 - Launch of HMS Mars , a 74-gun Mars-class
large (3).jpg

1799 – The Cutting Out of the Hermione
The Cutting out of the Hermione, or Capture of Hermione, was a naval action that took place at Puerto Cabello, Venezuela on 25 October 1799. The formerly British frigate HMS Hermione, which had been handed over to the Spanish by its crew following a vicious mutiny, lay in the heavily guarded sea port of Puerto Cabello now under the command of Don Ramon de Chalas. A British frigate, HMS Surprise, was sent under Edward Hamilton to recapture Hermione. In naval terms this was called a cutting out operation—a boarding attack by small boats, preferably at night and against an unsuspecting and anchored target. This had become a popular tactic during the later 18th century.
Hermionecuttingout.jpg

1812 - USS United States vs HMS Macedonian, ending with capture of HMS Macedonian
BirchBattleBetweenTheUnitedStatesAndTheMacedonian.jpg

1918 – SS Princess Sophia sinks north of Juneau, Alaska with loss of all 343 passengers and crew.
Princess_Sophia_aground_10-25-18.JPG

1927 – The Italian luxury liner SS Principessa Mafalda sinks off the coast of Brazil, killing 314.
Principessa_Mafalda.jpg

1944 - Japanese battleship Fusō sunk during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
Fuso_Trial_Heading_Left.jpg
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
26th of October

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1588 - La Girona was a galleass of the 1588 Spanish Armada that foundered and sank off Lacada Point, County Antrim
1280px-Girona_shipwreck_(display_painting).jpg

1805 – Spanish Rayo, an 80-gun ship of the line wrecked
Plano_del_navío_rayo_de_80_cañones.jpg

1859 – The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead
StateLibQld_1_186783_Royal_Charter_(ship).jpg

1893 - The battleship USS Oregon (BB 3) launches. During the Spanish-American War, she participates in the Battle of Santiago. After decommissioning in 1924, she serves as a historic ship before being sold to become a storage hulk for ammunition during World War II.
1024px-USS_Oregon_in_dry_dock,_1898.jpg

1942 – World War II: In the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands during the Guadalcanal Campaign, one U.S. aircraft carrier, Hornet, is sunk and another aircraft carrier, Enterprise, is heavily damaged, while two Japanese carriers and one cruiser are heavily damaged.
Japanese_aircraft_attack_USS_Hornet_(CV-8)_during_the_Battle_of_the_Santa_Cruz_Islands_on_26_O...jpg
A damaged Japanese dive bomber (upper left) dives towards Hornet at 09:14 .
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
27th of October

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1800 - Boats of HMS Phaeton (38), Sir James Nicoll Morris,cut out San Josef (8) from Fuengirola
HMS_Phaeton (1).jpg
A contemporary Japanese drawing of the HMS Phaeton; in custody of the Nagasaki Museum of History and Culture

1864 - Lt. William Cushing, USN, sinks Confederate ram CSS Albemarle with a spar torpedo attached to the bow of his launch.
Naval_battles,_ancient_and_modern_(1883)_(14578563567).jpg

1877 - The tall ship Elissa is a three-masted barque.is launched
800px-Elissa-ship.jpg

1914 – The British lose their first battleship of World War I: The British super-dreadnought battleship HMS Audacious (23,400 tons) is sunk off Tory Island, north-west of Ireland, by a minefield laid by the armed German merchant-cruiser Berlin.
HMS_Audacious_LOC_17766.jpg
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
28th of October

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1784 – Launch of HMS Crescent, a 36-gun Flora-Class frigate of the British Royal Navy
large (3).jpg

1805 - spanish 74 gun ship Monarca run aground
Plano_navio_74_cañones.jpg

1806 – Launch of french Pénélope, 40-gun Armide-class frigate, at Bordeaux
Flore_img_0336.jpg

1914 - Battle of Penang
Bundesarchiv_DVM_10_Bild-23-61-13,_Kleiner_Kreuzer__SMS_Emden_I_.jpg
Emden underway in 1910

1940 - The RMS Empress of Britain was an ocean liner torpedoed and sunk
Empress-of-britain_jconway.png
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
29th of October

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1618 – Death of Walter Raleigh, English admiral, explorer, and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Jersey (b. 1554)
Execution_of_Sir_Walter_Raleigh.jpg
Raleigh just before he was beheaded – an illustration from circa1860

1658 – Second Northern War: Naval forces of the Dutch Republic defeat the Swedes in the Battle of the Sound
Zeeslag_bij_Elseneur_in_de_Sont_tussen_de_Hollandse_en_de_Zweedse_vloot,_8_november_1658_Rijk...jpeg

1814 - Launching of Fulton I (Demologos ), first American steam powered warship
1024px-Launching_of_Demologos_(1814).jpg

1867 - RMS Rhone, a UK Royal Mail Ship owned by the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company (RMSP), was wrecked off the coast of Salt Island in the British Virgin Islands in a hurricane, killing 123 people.
RMS_Rhone_&_Solent.JPG

1894 - SS Wairarapa, a New Zealand ship of the late 19th century plying the route between Auckland, New Zealand and Australia, hit a reef at the northern edge of Great Barrier Island, about 100 km out from Auckland, and sank. The death toll of around 140 people remains one of the largest such losses in the country's history..
SS_Wairarapa_Wreck_At_Miners_Head.jpg

1955 – The Soviet battleship Novorossiysk (ex italian Giulio Cesare) strikes a World War II mine in the harbor at Sevastopol
Battleship_Giulio_Cesare.jpg
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
30th of October

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1719 – Launch of HMS Britannia
HMS Britannia was a 100-gun first rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built by Phineas Pett II at Chatham Dockyard, and launched in 1682. In 1705 she took on board Charles III of Spain, when on her way to Catalonia
lossy-page1-1280px-HMS_Britannia_in_two_positions_RMG_BHC3743.tiff.jpg

1762 - The Action of 30 October 1762 - HMS Panther (1758 - 60) + HMS Argo (1758 - 28) captured Santisima Trinidad (1751 - 60)
was a minor naval battle that was fought in the San Bernardino Strait off the coast off British occupied Manila in the Philippines between two Royal naval ships; the 60 gun ship of the line HMS Panther under captain Hyde Parker and the frigate HMS Argo under Richard King. They fought for the capture of the heavily armed Spanish treasure galleon, Santisima Trinidad.
large.jpg

1784 - Launch of HMS Tremendous, a 74-gun Ganges-class a third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy,
Canonniere.jpg
The Action of 21 April 1806 as depicted by Pierre-Julien Gilbert. In the foreground, HMS Tremendous aborts her attempt at raking Cannonière under the threat of being outmanoeuvred and raked herself by her more agile opponent. In the background, the Indiaman Charlton fires her parting broadside at Cannonière. The two events were in fact separated by several hours.

1806 – Launch of French Robuste, an 80-gun Bucentaure-class 80-gun ship of the line of the French Navy
1280px-Trafalgar-Mayer_mg_0586.jpg
Bucentaure (sistership) at Trafalgar

1896 - Samuel P. Ely wrecked
Samuel P. Ely was a schooner that sailed the Great Lakes carrying iron ore, coal, and other bulk freight. She was built in 1869 and was a fairly typical example of the 200-foot schooner built in the 1870s, though she was reinforced for the demands of carrying iron ore. Samuel P. Ely is a shipwreck in Two Harbors, Minnesota listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Samuel_P._Ely.jpg

1914 – SS Rohilla, a passenger steamer of the British India Steam Navigation Company ran aground near Whitby with the loss of 83 lives
Rohilla_(steamship)_grounded_1914.JPG
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
31st of October

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1719 – Launch of HMS Britannia - Add on
large (6).jpg

1639 - Battle of the Downs
The naval Battle of the Downs took place on 31 October 1639, during the Eighty Years' War, and was a decisive defeat of the Spanish, commanded by Admiral Antonio de Oquendo, by the United Provinces, commanded by Lieutenant-Admiral Maarten Tromp.
1280px-The_battle_of_the_downs,_by_willem_van_de_velde.JPG

1780 - HMS Ontario (22) sinks in Lake Ontario (found intact almost 230 years later)
large (4).jpg

1803 - The frigate USS Philadelphia runs aground near Tripoli while pursuing an enemy vessel in shallow water and was captured
1427829689159.jpg
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
1st of November

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1794 – Launch of French Régénérée, a 40-gun Cocarde-class frigate
large.jpg
Engagement between His Majesty's Ship Brilliant... & the L' Vertue & Regenue French Frigates... off Santa Cruz, on the Coast of Barbary, the 26th of July 1798 (PAG7116)
Read more at http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/137064.html#AWKYl3sAfjcEc14C.99
Remark Uwe: In british NMM the ship is named "Regenue"

1809 - Boats of HMS Tigre (1793 - 80), HMS Cumberland (1808 - 74), HMS Volontaire (1796 - 40), HMS Apollo (1805 - 38), HMS Topaze (1793 - 38), HMS Philomel (18), HMS Scout (1804 - 18) and HMS Tuscan (1808 - 16) captured or destroyed all the vessels of a convoy in Rosas Bay.
large (1).jpg
Scale: 1:48. Plan showing the body plan with stern board outline, sheer lines with inboard detail, and longitudinal half-breadth for 'Tigre' (1795), a captured French Third Rate, as taken off at Portsmouth Dockyard prior to being fitted as 74-gun Third Rate, two-decker. Later alterations sent to Portsmouth on 24 August 1797. Signed by Edward Tippet [Master Shipwright, Portsmouth Dockyard, 1793-1799].

1914 – World War I: The first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific, with the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth
Ostasiengeschwader_Graf_Spee_in_Chile.jpg
The German squadron leaving Valparaiso on 3 November 1914 after the battle, SMS Scharnhorst and Gneisenau in the lead, and SMS Nürnberg following. In the middle distance are the Chilean cruisers Esmeralda, O'Higgins and Blanco Encalada, and the battleship Capitán Prat.
SMS_Scharnhorst_by_Arthur_Renard.jpg
SMS Scharnhorst

1918 – SMS Viribus Unitis was sunk by a limpet mine planted by Raffaele Rossetti, an Italian engineer and military naval officer of the Regia Marina
HGM_Modell_Viribus_Unitis.jpg
Model of Viribus Unitis in the Museum of Military History, Vienna
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
2nd of November

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1758 - HMS Antelope (1703 - 50), Cptn. Thomas Saumarez, captured French ship Belliqueux (1758 - 64) off Ilfracombe
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Scale: 1:48. Plan showing the body plan from midships to bow, body plan from midships to stern with stern board decoration, sheer lines with some inboard detail and figurehead, and longitudinal half-breadth with some lower deck detail for Antelope (1703), a 50-gun Fourth Rate two-decker. This may be the ship as she was when in Plymouth Dockyard in 1713. An attached letter (not scanned) lays out the dimensions of the ship, as taken at Plymouth on 7 March 1713.

1773 – Launch of HMS Siren (or Syren) was a 28-gun Enterprise-class sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy.
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1899 - The protected cruiser USS Charleston runs aground on an uncharted reef near Camiguin Island north of Luzon. Wrecked beyond salvage, she is abandoned by her crew who make camp on a nearby island. Charleston was the first steel-hulled ship lost by the US Navy.
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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
3rd of November

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1758 – Launch of HMS Temple, a 68-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy
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1758 - HMS Buckingham (1751 - 70), Cptn Richard Tyrrel, engaged French Florissant (74) and two large French frigates
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HMS Buckingham (1751) on the stocks.

1839 - The First Battle of Chuenpi
The First Battle of Chuenpi
was a naval engagement fought between British and Chinese ships at the entrance of the Humen strait (Bogue), Guangdong province, China, on 3 November 1839 during the First Opium War. The battle began when the British frigates HMS Hyacinth and HMS Volage opened fire on Chinese ships they perceived as being hostile.
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Watercolor of HMS Volage and HMS Hyacinth confront Chinese war junks at Chuenpee, 3 November 1839

1883 – Launch of SMS Adler, a gunboat of the Imperial German Navy.
SMS Adler
was a gunboat of the Imperial German Navy. She was launched 3 November 1883 in the Imperial shipyard in Kiel. On 5 September 1888, she shelled Manono Islandand Apolima, Samoa, which were strongholds of Malietoa’s forces. She was wrecked together with the German gunboat SMS Eber, the German corvette SMS Olga, the United States Navy gunboat USS Nipsic, the U.S. Navy screw steamer USS Trenton, and the U.S. Navy sloop-of-war USS Vandalia on 16 March 1889 in a hurricane at Apia, Samoa, during the Samoan crisis. Twenty crew members lost their lives.
Adlerbeforestorm.jpg

SMS_Adler_1889_1.jpg
German gunboat Adler. Overturned on the reef, on the western side of Apia Harbor, Upolu, Samoa, soon after the storm. Note her battered hull, the well for her hoisting propeller, a rescue buoy mounted on her stern, and decorative windows painted on her quarters.

1914 - The Raid on Yarmouth
The Raid on Yarmouth, which took place on 3 November 1914, was an attack by the Imperial German Navy on the British North Sea port and town of Great Yarmouth. Little damage was done to the town since shells only landed on the beach, after German ships laying mines offshore were interrupted by British destroyers. HMS D5, a submarine, was sunk by a German mine as it attempted to leave harbour and attack the German ships. A German armoured cruiser was sunk after striking two German mines outside its home port.
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The German flagship, SMS Seydlitz

1940 - SS Laurentic, an 18,724-ton ocean liner, torpedoed and sunk
laurentic II.jpg
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
4th of November

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1702 – Death of John Benbow, English admiral (b. 1653)
Benbow_wounded.jpg
An engraving produced in 1804 that helped to promote the legend of the event, entitled The gallant Benbow defeating the French Squadron. It shows Benbow's leg as completely shot away. Underneath another hand has written Benbow gives chase to de Grasse.

1786 – Launch of Spanish Conde de Regla ,112-guns at Havana - Stricken 14 July 1810 and BU 1811
Plano_navio_112_cañones.jpg

1805 - Battle of Cape Ortegal
The Battle of Cape Ortegal was the final action of the Trafalgar Campaign, and was fought between a squadron of the Royal Navy and a remnant of the fleet that had been destroyed earlier at the Battle of Trafalgar. It took place on 4 November 1805 off Cape Ortegal, in north-west Spain and saw Captain Sir Richard Strachan defeat and capture a French squadron under Rear-Admiral Pierre Dumanoir le Pelley. It is sometimes known as Strachan's Action.
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1914 – SMS Yorck made a navigational error in heavy fog and accidentally sailed into a German defensive minefield. The ship sank quickly with heavy loss of life, though sources disagree on the exact number of fatalities.
SMS_Yorck_NH_45198.jpg
 

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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
5th of November

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1775 - Commodore Esek Hopkins is appointed Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy. Early in 1778, he is dismissed from his position due to dissatisfaction with his service but remains popular in his local community, serving in the Rhode Island legislature.
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Esek Hopkins and other Rhode Island Merchants in Sea Captains Carousing in Surinam from 1755 (he is second from the left at the table)

1783 - HMS Superb (74), driven from her anchors in Tellicherry Roads, struck a rock and sank.
HMS Superb
was a 74-gun Bellona-class third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 27 October 1760 at Deptford Dockyard.
The Superb was Admiral Edward Hughes's flagship in India in 1782 during a notable series of engagements with the French under Suffren.
On 20 June 1783 the Superb took part in the Battle of Cuddalore before returning to Bombay for copper sheathing along her hull. On 7 November she developed a severe leak through the sheathing into the bilge, and sank in Tellicherry Roads off the Bombay coast, with the loss of all hands.
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1799 - HMS Sceptre (64), Cptn. Valentine Edwards, wrecked in storm after dragging anchors and drifting in Table Bay.
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1799 - HMS Orestes (18), Cptn. W. Haggitt, foundered during a cyclone in the Indian Ocean
HMS Orestes
was an 18-gun Dutch-built brig-sloop of the Royal Navy. She was originally built as the privateer Mars, and was captured by the British in 1781. She went on to serve during the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War and the French Revolutionary Wars.
The privateer was one of two captured in the North Sea in November 1781, both of which were taken into the Navy. Orestes became an effective anti-privateer vessel, taking several enemy vessels while serving off the British coast. She divided her time between a number of the Royal Navy's stations, serving in the West Indies and departing for the East Indies after time spent on the French coast. Her career in the Indian Ocean was short-lived, as she disappeared at sea in 1799, and is presumed to have foundered in a hurricane with the loss of her entire crew.
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1813 - Action of 5 November 1813
The Action of 5 November 1813 was a brief naval clash during the Napoleonic Wars, between part of the British Mediterranean Fleet led by Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Pellew, and a French force under Rear-Admiral Julien Cosmao-Kerjulien. The engagement took place outside the French port of Toulon.
Blockade_of_Toulon,_1810-1814.jpg

1915 - Lt. Cmdr. Henry C. Mustin, in an AB-2 flying boat, makes the first underway catapult launch from a ship, USS North Carolina (ACR 12) at Pensacola Bay, Fla. This experimental work leads to the use of catapults on battleships and cruisers through World War II and to the steam catapults on present-day aircraft carriers.
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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
6th of November

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1793 - Launch of HMS Minotaur, a 74-gun third-rate Courageux-class ship of the line of the Royal Navy, at Woolwich
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1794 - Action of 6 November 1794
HMS Canada (74), Cptn. Charles Powell Hamilton, and HMS Alexander (74), Cptn. Richard Rodney Bligh, which had been escorting merchantmen as far as the western approaches, were chased by a French squadron of five 74's and three large frigates, under Rear Ad. Neilly. After separating to confuse they tried to rejoin for mutual support but Alexander was taken.
HMS_Alexander,_Shortly_before_Striking_Her_Colours_to_the_French_Squadron,_6_November_1794.jpg

1813 - HMS Woolwich (44), Cdr. Thomas Ball Sulivan, wrecked off Barbados
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1865 – American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on a cruise on which it sank or captured 37 unarmed merchant vessels.
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1942 - SS City of Cairo was a British passenger steamship. She was sunk by german U-boot U-68 in the Second World War with heavy loss of life, most after the sinking, but before being rescued.
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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
7th of November

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1782 – Launch of HMS Thalia, a 36-gun Flora-class frigate
HMS_Crescent,_capturing_the_French_frigate_Réunion_off_Cherbourg,_20th_October_1793.jpg

1790 – Launch of French Jean Bart, a 74-gun Temeraire-class
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1800 - HMS Netley (16), Lt. Francis Godolphin Bond, captured Spanish privateer schooner San Miguel (9) off Lisbon.
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1820 – Launch of HMS Southampton, a fourth-rate, 52-gun ship. She was one of the six Southampton-class frigates
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1913 – The first day of the Great Lakes Storm of 1913, a massive blizzard that ultimately killed 250 and caused over $5 million (about $118,098,000 in 2013 dollars) damage. Winds reach hurricane force on this date.
The Great Lakes Storm of 1913, historically referred to as the "Big Blow," the "Freshwater Fury," or the "White Hurricane," was a blizzard with hurricane-force winds that devastated the Great Lakes Basin in the Midwestern United States and the province of Ontario in Canada from November 7 through November 10, 1913. The storm was most powerful on November 9, battering and overturning ships on four of the five Great Lakes, particularly Lake Huron. Deceptive lulls in the storm and the slow pace of weather reports contributed to the storm's destructiveness.
The deadliest and most destructive natural disaster to hit the lakes in recorded history, the Great Lakes Storm killed more than 250 people, destroyed 19 ships, and stranded 19 others. The financial loss in vessels alone was nearly US $5 million (or about $123,805,000 in today's dollars).[8] This included about $1 million at current value in lost cargo totalling about 68,300 tons, such as coal, iron ore, and grain.
The storm, an extratropical cyclone, originated as the convergence of two major storm fronts, fueled by the lakes' relatively warm waters—a seasonal process called a "November gale". It produced 90 mph (145 km/h) wind gusts, waves over 35 feet (11 m) high, and whiteout snowsqualls. Analysis of the storm and its impact on humans, engineering structures, and the landscape led to better forecasting and faster responses to storm warnings, stronger construction (especially of marine vessels), and improved preparedness.
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1941 – World War II: Soviet hospital ship Armenia is sunk by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimean hospitals. It is estimated that over 5,000 people died in the sinking.
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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
8th of November

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1658 - Death of Witte Corneliszoon de With (28 March 1599 – 8 November 1658) was a famous Dutch naval officer of the 17th century.
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1778 – Launch of USS Confederacy at Norwich, a 36-gun sailing frigate of the Continental Navy
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1790 - Launch of french Océan, a 118-gun first-rate three-decker ship of the line of the French Navy, (sistership of the Le Commerce de Marseille)
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1813 - HMS Atalante, Frederick Hickey, wrecked off Halifax by running on the Sisters Rocks, or the eastern ledge, off Sambro Is. having mistaken guns fired by HMS Barrosa (36) for the fog-signal guns at the lighthouse on the same island.
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1861 – American Civil War: The "Trent Affair": The USS San Jacinto stops the British mail ship Trent and arrests two Confederate envoys, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the UK and US.
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1890 – Launch of SMS Beowulf, the second vessel of the six-member Siegfried class of coastal defense ships (Küstenpanzerschiffe) built for the German Imperial Navy
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1900 – Launch of Japanese Mikasa, pre-dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial Japanese Navy
Mikasa (三笠) is a pre-dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the late 1890s. Named after Mount Mikasa in Nara, Japan, the ship served as the flagship of Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō throughout the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905, including the Battle of Port Arthur on the second day of the war and the Battles of the Yellow Sea and Tsushima. Days after the end of the Russo-Japanese War, Mikasa's magazine accidentally exploded and sank the ship. She was salvaged and her repairs took over two years to complete. Afterwards, the ship served as a coast-defence ship during World War I and supported Japanese forces during the Siberian Intervention in the Russian Civil War.
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1942 - The Naval Battle of Casablanca was a series of naval engagements fought between American ships covering the invasion of North Africa and Vichy French ships defending the neutrality of French Morocco in accordance with the Second Armistice at Compiègne during World War II
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Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History
9th of November

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1664 - The french La Lune, a 38-gun ship of the line of the French Royal Navy, broke apart and sank
The La Lune was a 38-gun ship of the line of the French Royal Navy, the first ship of the line to be built at the new state dockyard at Île d'Indret near Nantes, designed by Deviot and constructed by the Dutch shipwright Jan Gron (usually called Jean de Werth in French). She and her sister Soleil were two-deckers, with a mixture of bronze guns on both gun decks.
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1711 - HMS Restoration, a 70-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, wrecked off Livorno
HMS Restoration
was a 70-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Deptford Dockyard and launched on 1 August 1706, after the previous Restoration had been lost in the Great Storm of 1703.
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1870 - Battle of Havana
The Battle of Havana on 9 November 1870 was a single ship action between the German gunboat Meteor and the French aviso Bouvet off the coast of Havana, Cuba during the Franco-Prussian War.
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1911 - Launch of five-masted steel-hulled barque France II
The France II was a French sailing ship, built by Chantiers et Ateliers de la Gironde and launched in 1912. In hull length and overall size she was after the Preußen the second largest commercial merchant sailing ship ever built, yet had the greatest cargo carrying capacity ever, 5,633 GRT to the R. C. Rickmers 5,548 GRT. An earlier sailing vessel named France had been built in 1890 by D. & W. Henderson & Son, Glasgow.
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1914 - Battle of Cocos - SMS Emden is sunk by HMAS Sydney
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1919 - Launch of japanese super-dreadnought battleship Nagato
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