**Re: Mantua Sovereign of Seas**

At this stage, there are over 3,500 parts and 650 hours involved in the building process.

The stern area was very incorrect and Amati castings were used to fix what could be fixed. These were used on the center of the galley area and the area below the walkways. This area had two large plaques and the gun ports were circular with wreathes around them. Two more right and left facing unicorns are ordered to finish up the stern decorations.

At this point, the masts, yards, platforms, flagpoles and rigging are all that is needed to complete the model. Since the measurements for the flagpoles is not mentioned anywhere else in any research, this is about the only item that will remain unchanged from the kit as provided. Even though the diameter of the mast and the taper shown on the plans is incorrect, they have to remain the same for platforms to fit correctly. Hounds were used under the lower mast platforms during this time period and will be constructed using the dimensions given on the Amati plans.

This model can represent the ship from 1637 up to it rebuilding in 1651. The rebuilding involved shortening the forecastle heights, removing the forward extensions of the side quarter galleries, removing the poop deck and shortening the head. For my model, I am choosing to show it sometime after 1640 so that at least one footrope can be shown. All the other footropes would not come into use for decades. Stirrups and Flemish horses would also be decades away. The eight-sided center on the yards would not happen until 1730. I have already mentioned other errors that Mantua makes with the rigging. To rig this anyway near what the vessel was rigged like requires books by Lees, Anderson, Sephton and Mondfeld. However, I will show what changes I make as I go through the building processes and hopefully make it clear enough that the books are not required.

The height of the ship was 212 feet from the bottom of the keel to the top of the main flagpole. I use the book “Sovereign of the Seas” by James Sephton to determine the correct height of each mast that was installed on the ship. Then, I calculated the height for the masts and the size and length for each yard to be used at this scale. Another spreadsheet includes the thread sizes for standing rigging.

**Mast Length (mm) Yards Diameter (mm) Length (mm)**

Bowsprit 450 Spirtsail 4.5 246

Spirtsail topmast 105.5 Spirtsail topsail 2.5 117

Fore 340 Fore 7 348

Fore topmast 217 Fore topsail 4 191.5

Fore topgallant 109.5 Fore Topgallant 3 88

Fore royal 76 Fore royal 2 44

Mainmast 360 Main 9 443.5

Main topmast 228.5 Main topsail 4 218

Main topgallant 109.5 Main topgallant 3 103

Main royal 86 Main royal 2 51.5

Missen 320 Missen 4 206

Missen topmast 152.5 Missen topsail 3 103

Missen topgallant 95.5 Missen topgallant 2 53.5

Crossjack 5.5 316.5

Many sizes of rigging thread will be used to complete the model. The sizes of rope were based upon the diameter of the main at the main deck level. I have calculated the sizes for this vessel base upon the period of it launch. Below is the table for the standing rigging in millimeters. Based on 12 mm Main Mast and 1:78 scale.

**Bowsprit**

Gammoning .797

Shrouds .498

Lanyards .199

**Spirtsail topmast**

backstay .498

Lanyards .199

**Other Standing Rigging**

Stay tackle pendant 1.155

Ratlines .155

Woolding .104

**Fore Lower Mast**

Tackle pendant .797

Tackles .398

Shrouds .797

Lanyards .398

Stay 1.594

Lanyard .498

**Fore Topmast**

Burton pendant .398

Tackles .199

Futtock staves .797

Futtock shrouds .359

Topmast shrouds .398

Lanyards .199

Backstay .398

Lanyard .199

Topmast stay .797

Lanyard .359

**Foremast Topgallant**

Futtock staves .398

Futtock shrouds .299

Topgallant shrouds .319

Lanyards .159

Backstay .319

Lanyard .159

Topgallant stay .398

**Foremast Royal**

Futtock staves .319

Futtock Shrouds .13

Backstay .159

Lanyard .080

Royal stay .199

Royal shrouds .159

Lanyard .080

**Main Lower Mast**

Tackle pendant .996

Tackles .498

Shrouds .996

Lanyards .498

Stay 1.99

Stay collar 1.49

Lanyard .598

**Main Topmast**

Burton pendant .498

Tackles .259

Futtock staves .996

Futtock shrouds .398

Topmast shrouds .498

Lanyards .259

Backstay .398

Lanyard .239

Topmast stay .996

Lanyard .398

**Main Topgallant**

Futtock staves .498

Futtock shrouds .299

Topgallant shrouds .319

Lanyards .159

Backstay .319

Lanyard .159

Topgallant stay .398

**Main Royal**

Royal staves .33

Futtock shrouds .13

Backstay .159

Lanyard .080

Royal stay .199

Royal shrouds .159

Lanyard .080

**Missen Lower Mast**

Shrouds .498

Lanyards .259

Stay .797

Lanyard .398

**Missen Topmast**

Futtock staves .498

Futtock shrouds .299

Topmast shrouds .319

Lanyards .159

Backstay .319

Lanyard .159

Topmast stay .398

Lanyard .199

**Missen Topgallant**

Futtock staves .199

Futtock Shrouds .199

Topgallent shrouds .239

Lanyard .119

Backstay .159

Lanyard .080

Topgallant stay .199