Book review Book Review: "THE 74-GUN SHIP - Volume 3 - MASTS - SAILS - RIGGING" (Set of 4 Volumes) - by Jean Boudriot

Uwek

Administrator
Staff member
Administrator
Joined
Dec 25, 2017
Messages
17,703
Points
938

Location
Vienna, Austria
Book Review:
THE 74-Gun SHIP / THE SEVENTY-FOUR GUN SHIP
A Practical Treatise on the Art of Naval Architecture
4 Volume Set (Set of 4 volumes)


IMG_16411.jpg

Overview of the Content of all 4 Volumes
IMG_18231.jpg

Here:
Volume 3 - MASTS - SAILS - RIGGING

IMG_17681.jpg IMG_17691.jpg

by Jean Boudriot
english translation by David H. Roberts


This Book Set from Jean Boudriot is also in our forum very often mentioned, but most of modelers, which had the copy never in hand can not imagine how detailed and informative this documentation is in real. It is the basic cornerstone of all the Plansets and monographies published over the years by ancre.
Due to the fact, that these books are in my opinion one of the most important publications I want to show you these four different volumes, but also the planset of the 74-gunner, in detail.
Please have in mind, that these books were already published in 1973 (french version), so Jean Boudriot prepared all these drawings and perspective sketches in the books by hand.
In 1985 the english copies with translation by David H. Roberts were published and shown here in the following Book Reviews......

english version still available at ancre:
https://ancre.fr/en/basic-books/9-v...-en-quatre-volumes-base-de-la-collection.html


IMG_17701.jpg IMG_17711.jpg

IMG_17721.jpg IMG_17731.jpg

SYNOPSIS:

This 4 volume set is the starting point of our collection and as such is almost essential to the understanding of all our other books. It gives the definitions of all parts of a ship, " from keel to mast's truck", illustrated with many detailed drawings. It also explains how to manœuvre and operate a ship, and what shipboard life was like.
In order to avoid unnecessary repetitions, these explanations and definitions are not given in our other publications, in which you will find numerous cross-references to "The 74 Gun Ship".

ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Jean Boudriot (20. March 1921 - 22 February 2015)


Jean Boudriot was an exceptional Frenchman. Originally an architect, he was an outstanding draughtsman and in only a few years' time became the first specialist in 17th and 18th century naval architecture. He was first interested in the study of French statutory arms, on which he published four books that were accepted as authorities. In 1960, he moved on to studying naval archeology.
J. Boudriot's first studies on naval guns, published in 1969 in Neptunia, are true revelations for amateurs. Between 1973 and 1977, he published the four volumes of "The 74 GUN SHIP" thus creating the Boudriot myth. Since then, he had dedicated his time to scouring the archives in Paris in winter, and to drawing in Charente in summer. For our utmost pleasure, Jean Boudriot regularly published the monographs and historical studies that constitute the French Naval Archeology Collection. He worked very close with Hubert Berti, with whom he run ancre. Nowadays ancre is organized by Berti´s son Didier Berti.
Boudriot was both an author and a publisher. He also teached the weekly naval archeology seminar that took place in the Musée de la Marine, and gave numerous lectures, most of them in the Sorbonne. He was a talented speaker and hearing him speak on his topic was an enchanting event.

THE METHOD

While the shape of things to come is not set at the beginning of the book, principles are well established there. Boudriot started with primary sources by systematically studying models in the arsenals and by doing daily archival research in every harbour in France. He neglected nothing : neither the theoretical contributions brought by such authors as Duhamel du Monceau, Romme, Bouguer or Vial du Clairbois, nor the valuable iconographic documents provided by such draughtmen as Puget, Ozanne, Vernet, Guéroult du Pas and Sponsky de Passebon, etc. But the practical drawing booknotes of anonymous engineers, the more modest wood estimates by master carpenters or the inventories of a warehouse were even more important.
Only the irrefutable document is to be taken into account : engineers' plans, construction, equipping and campaigning estimates; correspondence and manuscripts of the time.
Because of his talent as a draughtman and because of his architect's training, Jean Boudriot is convinced that naval archeology - because it is a restitution of the past - can only be approached through drawing, the only true means of expression and understanding it. His rigorous and magical lines, with their lively and familiar style, immerse the reader in the atmosphere of the 17th, 18th and 19th ports and ship building sites throughout his numerous books.

THE SHIP

As the main naval war machine at the end of the 18th century, the 74 Gun Ship was the result of a compromise, like every successful vessel. Her balance between strong guns and manoeuvrability offered by the 28 gun lower gundeck and firing 36 pound cannon-balls, made the "74" the perfect ship of the line. Since she moved more easily, she was much more useful in combat than the heavy 100 gun three-decker.
Her hull alone represented half of 3000 tons moving. 2800 hundred-year-old oak trees (a whole forest), and 600 tons of iron and wood bolts were needed for her construction. The hold and its orlop-deck could contain victuals for 6 months and water for 12 weeks. The gundeck had to bear the considerable weight of enormous 36-pdr guns, weighing 4 tons each. The upper deck, covered front and back with castles, carried lighter guns.
This hull rose 7 meters above water and carried prodigious flights of sails. Each of the three masts, in three elements, rigged three floors of square sails and the main top-mast truck towered at 60 meters. This ship was well designed by her engineer and when correctly used by her crew, she performed superbly at sea in all weathers. In a fair breeze, she could exceed ten knots by sailing quartering.



IMG_17991.jpg IMG_18001.jpg

CONTENT OF VOLUME 3 - MASTS - SAILS - RIGGING

Volume with total 275 pages

XII. MASTING (page 1 to 53)
1. General considerations
2. Type of timber and mast-making

Resinous softwoods: origin, preservation, selection - Mastmaking - Pole masts - Made-masts - Mast-hoops
3. Standing masts
Lower masts and spars - Upper masts - Topgallant masts - Lower Yards - Upper Yards - Spritsail yards - Mizen-yard
4. Others spars and spares
Extra spars - Worked spars - Roughtree spars -
5. Mast furniture.

Rubbing-paunches - Tops and lower mast caps - Topmast trestlestrees and crosstrees, upper mast caps - Bowsprit fittings

XIII. SAILS (page 54 to 93)
1. Sailcloth and sailmaking
Sailcloth - Sailmaking
2. List of the sails and their proportions.
Square sails - Bowsprit - Foremast - Mainmast - Mizen-mast - Studdingsails - Fore-and-Aft sails - Fore-and-aft sails between the foremast and the main - Fore-and-aft sails between the mainmast and the mizzen - Sail bent to and abaft the mizen

XIV. RIGGING (page 94 to 230)
1. Ropemaking and related skills
Spinning - Tarring - Laying - Knots - Splices and eyes - Seizing - Protecting ropes from wear - Stoppers, wall-knots, mousing a stay - Plaiting and weaving
2. Blocks and block-making
Blocks - Hearts - Strapping of Blocks - Deadeyes - Other items - Bitts etc. - Cleats
3. Standing rigging
Bowsprit - Jibboom - Fore lower mast - Fore-topmast - Fore topgallant-mast - Main lower mast - Main-topmast - Main topgallant-mast - Mizen lower mast - Mizen-topmast - Loading-tackles
4. Running rigging - yards
Bowsprit - Foremast - Mainmast - Mizen-mast
5. Running rigging - sails
Square sails - Bowsprit - Foremast - Mainmast - Mizen-mast - Studdingsails - Fore-and-aft sails - Head-sails - Sails bent between the foremast and the mainmast - Sails bent between the mainmast and the mizen
6. Anchors cables and related ropes
Cables - Cablets - Fish-strops, buoy-ropes - Cable-hitch, messenger, nippers - Cat-tackle, anchor stoppers - Miscellaneous items
7. Rigging of the ship's boats
Longboat - Barge - Cutter - Equipment of the ship´s boats - Painting of the masts

XV. MAINTENANCE (page 231 to 249)
Laying up - Careening - Repairs and rebuilding - Types of sheathing - Preservation of timber

GENERAL NOTIONS REGARDING SHIPS OF WAR
NAVY LIST - 1780
COST OF BUILDING A 74-gun ship
Cost of various sizes of naval vessel
Vocabulary



LOOK INSIDE:

IMG_17741.jpg IMG_17751.jpg

IMG_17761.jpg IMG_17771.jpg

IMG_17781.jpg IMG_17791.jpg

IMG_17801.jpg IMG_17811.jpg

IMG_17821.jpg IMG_17831.jpg


Take also a look at the second part of Look Inside in the following post...... to be continued ......
 

Attachments

  • THE 74 GUN SHIP (10).pdf
    888.6 KB · Views: 31
Last edited:

Uwek

Administrator
Staff member
Administrator
Joined
Dec 25, 2017
Messages
17,703
Points
938

Location
Vienna, Austria
Book Review - Part II:
THE 74-Gun SHIP / THE SEVENTY-FOUR GUN SHIP
A Practical Treatise on the Art of Naval Architecture
4 Volume Set (Set of 4 volumes)




Here:
Volume 3 - MASTS - SAILS - RIGGING

further Look Inside

IMG_17841.jpg IMG_17851.jpg

IMG_17861.jpg IMG_17871.jpg

IMG_17881.jpg IMG_17891.jpg

IMG_17901.jpg IMG_17911.jpg

IMG_17921.jpg IMG_17931.jpg

IMG_17941.jpg IMG_17951.jpg

IMG_17961.jpg IMG_17971.jpg

IMG_17981.jpg

Volume 1 and 2 were already reviewed, Volume 4 and also the planset in scale 1:48 will follow in short time ....... many thanks for your interest
 

Attachments

  • THE 74 GUN SHIP (10).pdf
    888.6 KB · Views: 22

Uwek

Administrator
Staff member
Administrator
Joined
Dec 25, 2017
Messages
17,703
Points
938

Location
Vienna, Austria
In the meantime the Book reviews of all four Volumes of

THE 74-Gun SHIP / THE SEVENTY-FOUR GUN SHIP
A Practical Treatise on the Art of Naval Architecture

by Jean Boudriot

58222-b78c684387a794eae1e4582d58c89808.jpg


Content:



plus the related planset Review in scale 1:48



is now finished.

For everybody who is interested in this masterpiece of documentation and cornerstone of most of the ancre (and Gerard Delacroix) publications, please take a look:
(please click on the title to get redirected to the different Reviews with "Look Inside":

THE 74-GUN SHIP - Volume 1 - HULL CONSTRUCTION

THE 74-GUN SHIP - Volume 2 - FITTING OUT THE HULL

THE 74-GUN SHIP - Volume 3 - MASTS - SAILS - RIGGING

THE 74-GUN SHIP - Volume 4 - MANNING / SHIPHANDLING

Planset THE 74-GUN SHIP in scale 1:48 (or 1:72)


I can really highly recommend this set of Volumes!!

https://ancre.fr/en/

Here the link to a post of my visit in Rocheford, where I had the chance to see the amazing 74-Gun ship / Vaisseau de 74 canons model built in scale 1:56 by Tiziano Mainardi.

https://shipsofscale.com/sosforums/...-th-21-st-october-2018.2050/page-6#post-43361


img_03061-jpg.72820


img_03041-jpg.72819



58227-57325a75f603d380f4dad6ebab5251e5.jpg
58228-b3e3f2080e6fbed675a6d8f950c8b2e6.jpg


 
Top